Ram Janmabhoomi Temple at Ayodhya is more about India’s honor than religious belief

By Vivek Sinha

I vividly remember that Sunday afternoon when I was loitering in the neighbourhood along with other children. We were school students then and apart from cricket, the other topic of our passionate discussion was the on-going agitation at Ayodhya. A few minutes into our discussion, we saw a hefty man running towards us. He was panting. Tears were rolling down his cheeks as he repeatedly yelled “Jai Shri Ram”. Before we could react, several others in our locality had joined in and roared back “Jai Shri Ram”. Within minutes almost everybody, including me and my friends, were chanting “Jai Shri Ram” in unison.

This day was December 6th 1992.

The Babri Structure at Ayodhya had been demolished and news spread like wild fire. Conch shells were blowing, sweets were distributed, diyas and candles were lighted.

This was the scene and extent of celebrations at a small colony in Kanpur an industrial town some 220 kilometres from Ayodhya. Remember this was 1992– a different era with no Facebook, WhatsApp or Twitter. Mobile phones were super luxury and 24×7 television news was nowhere. The only mode of communication was landline phones and word of mouth. Yet, news of the demolition of Babri Structure spread like wild fire and instigated hysterical celebrations all across the country.

It’s been more than two decades since that eventful day in 1992, nevertheless I can recall even the smallest details of my life post the demolition of Babri Structure (some historians may call it a Mosque but I prefer to call it a Structure). And why only I, most of us who were witness to that historic moment will remember every detail of that day. In fact, many historians and commentators like to describe the history of post-independence India as pre-1992 and post-1992. Such was the impact of Ram Janmabhoomi Movement on our lives. This impact has only grown over time.

In recent years during my interaction with journalists and political observers, especially from the West, one question almost recurs: “how could a political party (read BJP) whip up mass frenzy on a scale that remains almost unparalleled in post-independence India”?

Well, first things first. The Ram Janmabhoomi Movement was never the brain child of one political party or any of its offshoot. So neither the BJP nor its ideological mentor RSS (Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh) or the VHP (Vishwa Hindu Parishad) can claim sole ownership rights of the Ayodhya movement. None of the people in my colony who were celebrating the demolition of Babri Structure were members of the BJP.

Let’s go back in history to put things into a perspective.

Mughal invader Babur’s commander-in-chief Mir Baki demolished the Ram Janmabhoomi Temple in 1528. The psyche behind temple’s demolition was to prove to the indigenous Hindu population that world order has changed and Babur is the new ruler who is here to take possession of the country, its people and the God. Since Ram is an integral part of India’ psyche so demolition of his temple at his birthplace would send a powerful message to the locals, went the thought in the minds of invading army. Yes, Babur did demolish the temple but faced stiff resistance from the then local population to an extent that he was unable to build a grand mosque in its place. It was a hurriedly built “Structure” that resembled a mosque; the minarets, place for ablutions and other essential structures of a mosque were starkly absent.

During Babur’s short rein of four years the then local people fought four battles to regain control of the Ram Janmabhoomi site. The very fact that Babur was unable to build a grand mosque even after being the victor speaks volumes about the resistance he faced from the then Hindu population. And then these fights never stopped. Till 1934 Hindus fought a total of seventy six battles to regain control of the Ram Janmabhoomi site. Be it the rein of Akbar, Jahangir, Shahjahan or the brutal Aurangzeb at no time did the Hindu population stop battling to re-gain control of the Ram Janmabhoomi site. Since the year 1934, and thereafter India’s independence in 1947, this fight shifted to the court rooms. So, while earlier the battles were bloody and violent with time it has now become judicial.

For Hindus, a temple at the Ram Janmabhoomi is not an issue of mere bricks and mortar. It is an issue of our cultural resurgence and identity, where Lord Ram has a prime place of importance. The movement is an expression of the collective consciousness of the Hindu ethos, our honor and dignity.

Any interpretation of the Babri Structure, other than that of it being viewed as a monument which celebrates our slavery will clearly indicate that Hindus are being asked to live with the feeling of humiliation that Babur wanted to inflict on us as “conquered people”.

Now where does this leave the country’s Muslim population? Since it was never a mosque the Babri Structure is not a holy place for Muslims and there is absolutely no need for them to own up the barbarism of Babur and others like him. A little bit of historical research proves that present day Indian Muslims are converts from Hinduism and it is their forefathers who died fighting the marauding army of the likes of Babur. Later on, their families were forced to convert to Islam by the invading Mughal army. The right way for Indian Muslims is to distance themselves from such acts of vandalism and barbarism of the past.

In 1857, the year when India fought its first war of independence against British colonialism, Amir Ali the local Muslim leader from Ayodhya announced that Muslims must hand over the Babri Structure to Hindu brethren. Unfortunately, rebels lost the 1857 war and British army hanged Amir Ali and his associate leader Ramcharan Das from a tamarind tree on March 18, 1858. For several years this tamarind tree was worshiped by both Hindus and the Muslims. The developing camaraderie between Hindus and Muslims worried British colonial rulers. Soon they uprooted the tamarind tree that was turning into a rallying point for the indigenous population. Sadly, this portion of history is skipped in present day narrative.

Elsewhere also there has been several precedents of such acts. When the Germans are asked to apologize for the crimes of Hitler, they never hesitate to do so, clearly indicating that they do not own Nazism.

In 1918 in Warsaw, at the end of first Russian occupation of Poland, one of the first things that Polish people did was to bring down the Russian Orthodox Christian Cathedral that was built by Russians in the center of the town. This was done despite the fact that Poles are Christians and Jesus Christ was worshiped in that Cathedral. The Poles demolished the Cathedral built by Russians only because they viewed the Cathedral not as a place of worship, rather as a structure that reminded them of their slavery.

The Babri Structure was a similar construction that reminded India of the savagery and so its demolition was celebrated all across the country. A grand temple at the birth place of Lord Ram will instill a sense of pride in our rich cultural heritage and correct the historical wrong.

(Vivek Sinha is a New Delhi-based Journalist who has been writing News Commentaries for more than a decade. Over the last several years he has written news reports for leading publications of India such as Hindustan Times, The Times of India, Deccan Chronicle and Asian Age. Apart from being a Journalist he also makes Documentaries and Short-Films. He can be reached at sinhavivek28@gmail.com. His Twitter handle is @viveksinha28)

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Muslim writers support Ram Mandir!

Even Muslim writers support the Shri Rama Janmabhoomi truth

Once again, we are not basing our facts on stories woven by “our community”. Many learned Muslim writers have documented the truth through their books.

One of the earliest books written (end of the 17th century and beginning of 18th century) by the daughter of Alamgir, the son of Bahadur Shah, clearly states that in the mosques built on the orders of Babar (Ba Farman-e-Badashahi), Muslims were not permitted to hold prayers or read the holy scriptures. It also states that the Hindus have a lot of faith in the temples situated in Mathura, Benaras and Avadh that hold significance as the birth place of Lord Krishna, the kitchen of Goddess Sita, the place where Lord Shri Rama and his devotee Lord Hanuman spent time. It also states that these places of worship were destroyed and mosques were built to display Islamic power. Interestingly, she also writes that these mosques were not given permission to hold the prayers (Namaz or Juma) and at the same time, idol worship was also not permitted. The book says, “the sound of conch shells should not be allowed to fall on Muslims”. You can find the details in “Sahifa-e-Chahal Nasa-ih-Bahadur Shahi”.

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You would be surprised to know that in 1856, Mirzha Jan wrote a book by the name Hadika-e-Shahda. Mirza also highlights the fact that Sultans (Muslim rulers) encouraged the propagation and glorification of Islam and trampled the non-believers. The following translated text from the book is an eye-opener:

This (Avadh) was a very big centre of worship and the capital city of the kingdom of Ram’s father. There was a majestic temple on the spot a huge Musjid was constructed there on and a small canopy Mosque (Kanati Masjid) on the spot, where there was a small Mandap. The Janmasthan temple was the original birth place (Maskat) of Ram. Adjacent to it, there is the Sita Rasoi. ……Sita is the name of Ram’s wife. Hence Badashah Babar got constructed a tall (Sarbuland) Masjid on that spot under the guidance of Moosa Ashikan. The same Mosque is known as Sita Rasoi till today.”

Another author who confirms the same is Mirza Rajab Ali Baig Sarur, who, in “Fasana-e-Ibrat” mentions that during the regime of Babar, a grand mosque was constructed in place of the Sita Rasoi. This is the Babari structure. Since the Hindus were not strong enough to oppose, the mosque was constructed under the guidance of Sayyad Mir Ashikan.

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If these are not enough, a little later in 1885, a book by the name Gumgasht-e-Halat-e-Ayodhya Avadh written by Moulavi Abdul Karim who was the then Imam of the Babri mosque, detailed that there was a Mahalla Akbarpur on the east of this Dargah, earlier known as Kot Raja Ramachandra. There were some Burj (large cells with domes) in this Kot. It also mentions that these places were the birth places of the King (Lord Rama) and that the Kitchen belonged to his wife. Babar, ordered the demolition of these houses and the construction of a grand Ajim (Mosque) on that spot.

Tarikh-e-Avadh, one of the most recently published books in 1909 by Allama Mohammed Nazamul Ghani Khan Rampuri, states that Babar constructed a grand mosque under the protection of Sayyad Ashikan at the same spot where once stood the temple of Janmasthan of Shri Ramachandra in Ayodhya. Just adjacent to it stood the Sita Rasoi (Kitchen). The date of Mosque construction has been mentioned as Khair Banki (Al Hizri 923). Till today this is known as Sita Rasoi. That demolished temple was right next to the Sita Rasoi.

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One can read similar evidences in books written by other Muslim authors. Some of them are:-

* Zia-e-Akhtar : by Haji Mohammed Hassan – 1878

* Kesar-ul-Tawarikh or Tawarikh-e-Avadh Vol.II : by Kamaluddin Hyder Hussain Al Hussain Al Mashahadi.

* Asrar-e-Haqiqat : by Lachhami Narayan Sadr Kanongo Assistant of munshi Moulavi Hashami

* Hindostan Islami Ahad : by Moulana Hakim Sayid Abdul Hai – 1972

 

Present Day Muslims

Ignorance is not always bliss!

The way it is important to know the topic before you enter the debate, it is important to know about a moment before raising your arms up against it. The present day educated Muslim brothers are often confused. While their community supports the Babri structure, evidence and proof are in favour of the Shri Rama Janamabhoomi.

The question here is, what do you view the Babri structure as? Is it your holy place? If you feel yes, then do you actually want to own the barbaric acts committed by Babar and others? Hindus and Muslims have always lived in peace, why would you wish to be associated with such an act that defies the rules of civilisation?

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In case your community is trying to misguide you, it is upon you to shoulder the task of showing it the right way. How difficult would it be to distance yourself from such an act of vandalism and barbarism from the past? It is alright if history has given you a bad name, disassociating from it is in your hands. And what your future generations bequeath is also in your hands. And why not? when the Germans are asked to apologise for the crimes of Hitler, they do not shy away. They do not hesitate ti disown Nazism.

For the sake of peaceful times, for the same of the silent and no violent struggle that the Hindus seek through judiciary and negotiations, isn’t it your duty as fellow countrymen to join hands and help your Hindu brothers by disassociating yourself from Babar’s barbarism? After all, invaders and Mughal emperors have time and again vandalised thousands of Hindu temples. We have accepted it as a part of evolution and civilisation. But if we want back only three of our holy sites–Ayodhya, Mathura and Kashi–out of the many vandalised, how painful is it?

Ram Samundrawala

The Hindu society does not seek the thousands of the other temples plundered, looted and destroyed to build mosques on them. We don’t even seek compensation for the same.

We strongly believe that any interpretation of the Babri structure, other than that of it being a monument of our slavery, is asking Hindus to live with the humiliation that Babar wanted to inflict on them, as conquered people.

If you would have any questions, we are happy to answer all your queries. Please feel free to let us know about the strangest of rumours you would have heard. Allow us to help you know all that you might want to know about the cause and why generations have been associated with building a temple at the holy site of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi.

Was there a Ram Mandir?

There is archaeological evidence that there was a temple beneath the Babri structure.

The very obvious question that everybody has is, was there ever a Ram Temple beneath the Babri Masjid structure. It is not anybody’s mere figment of imagination that the holy site is where Lord Rama took birth. A movement that has been silently going on for over 480 years now is not based on falsehood.

Infact, there is enough evidence in the form of archaeological proof, literary evidence in ancient languages and the images of the excavation are a testimony to the existence of temple structures at the Shri Rama Janmabhoomi site.

Ram-Mandir

Archaeological Survey of India’s findings

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) after extensive excavations during 12 March 2003 to 7 August 2003 published a report that supports the existence of a temple structure at the Shri Rama Janmabhoomi site that was razed down to build Babari structure.

Interestingly, the report also states that during the first millennium B.C, while there were no structural activities, culture has been represented by terracotta figurines of female deities with archaic features. It is anybody’s guess that if a place of worship has idols and figurines, which place of worship are we referring to here.

Here is an excerpt of the findings that we thought might interest our readers.

ASI text

 

This again is based on the reports submitted by an autonomous body, the ASI. If you wish to read the findings of the report, you may download the following four files.

Archaeological Survey of India report 1

Archaeological Survey of India report 2

Archaeological Survey of India report 3

Archaeological Survey of India report 4

While there is archaeological proof that Shri Rama Janamabhoomi is the holy site of the Hindus, it is no hidden fact that globally, history has sought evidence and proof from works of literature. In case you wish to browse through the literary evidence, please read here.

Real story of Ayodhya

From 1528 AD till date and the tales echo!

The city of Ayodhya, in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh is about 600 kms to the east of the Indian capital city of New Delhi. You might catch your fancy to know that the name “Ayodhya” has been derived from the name of King Ayudh. King Ayudh has been mentioned in ancient Hindu scriptures as the forefather of Lord Rama.

The root word of “Ayudh” comes from the Sanskrit word “Yudh”. Loosely translated, “Ayodhya” means “unconquerable” or “not to be fought”. Ironically, this holy land has been witness to as many as 76 battles ever since the year 1528 AD to 1934.

 

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So, it all began in the year 1528 A.D. Babar, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, invaded India. There is literary and historical evidence that Babar’s general Mir Baqi took over Ayodhya, destroyed the Shri Ram Temple and built the Babri structure. Shri Ram’s temple was at a towering height in Ayodhya overlooking the Ghaghra River. Undoubtedly, Babar’s general sought to build the structure at the holy site of the Hindus.

By force and might, what can be described as a symbol of barbarism, Babar and his army of savages, thrust upon the nation, an act of barbarism. No doubt, the structure was built to prove the might of the Mughal invaders. The Mughals who wanted to force themselves upon the lives of the Indians, wanted to take control of their Gods and religious structures as well.

Ever since then, generations of Hindus have been involved in the movement to get back the holy site that rightfully belongs to them.

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While it might be true that Hindus have not been able to construct a grand temple of Shri Rama at the Janmabhoomi in Ayodhya, in the same breath, we can claim that Muslims have also not been able to secure the Babri structure.

Another historical landmark is the year 1934. Hindus worship cows and cows enjoy the status of a “mother” in the Hindu culture. When in the said year, a few Muslims slaughtered a cow in Ayodhya, the holy Hindu city, a battle ensued between Hindus and Muslims. The butchers who slaughtered the cow were decimated and subsequently, the Hindu society attacked and damaged all the three domes of the Babri structure.

After a few Muslims slaughtered a cow in Ayodhya, a pitched battle ensued between the Hindus and Muslims…the butchers who had slaughtered the cow were decimated…..and subsequently the Hindu society attacked the Babari structure thereby damaging all its three domes and took possession of the Babari structure. Thus, the site came under the possession of the Hindus. The British empire that had already started playing the divide and rule game, penalised the Hindu society and asked it to repair the damaged domes.

However, it is interesting to note that ever since 1934, no Muslim has ever dared to enter the Babri structure.

Over 76 wars religious wars have been fought during these 480 years for the site which is being wrongfully claimed by the Muslims. Many of these wars have seen sacrifices, blood and disappointment. However, with the passing of time, the matter is now in the hands of the Indian judiciary.